388 HISTORY OF PERSIA CHAP Khan and defeated Jafar Khan, he sent the spoils to Aga Mohamed Khan and thenceforward became his staunch supporter. Baluchistan at this period was ruled by Nasir I., the Great, who reigned from 1750 to 1793, and whose sway was acknowledged as far west as Bampur. He was entirely independent. The rest of Persia had been the cock-pit for the various pretenders to the throne, who had fought for power as far north as the Caspian Sea and as far south as the Persian Gulf. The Neighbouring States.—Among the foreign countries Afghanistan was peaceful under Timur Shah ; and his son Zaman Shah at the opening of his reign was too much occupied with internal troubles to be an aggressive neighbour. Bokhara was ruled by Begi Jan,1 a Dervish of die royal house, who extended the sway of the Uzbegs over the whole of the region lying between the Amu Darya and the Sir Darya. The reduction of Merv opened the way for an invasion of Khorasan. In A.H. 1209 (1794) Begi Jan led his horsemen to the gates of Meshed, but, finding it beyond his power to reduce the capital of Khorasan, he informed his army that the Imam Riza had appeared to him in a dream and commanded him to spare the sacred city. It is curious that the Uzbegs were content to raid and never attempted to conquer Khorasan. Turkey, which for many centuries had been Iran's most formidable and aggressive neighbour, was at this period too much occupied with European politics to take any active interest in Persian affairs. The Ottoman power was represented by Sulayman Aga, the Pasha of Baghdad, who had defended Basra against the forces of Karim Khan. His policy, much to the advantage of Aga Mohamed, was invariably friendly towards Persia. The Invasion of Georgia, A.H. 1209 (1795).—We come next to the state of Georgia. Upon the death of Nadir Shah, Heraclius, who had served him faithfully, had not only freed himself but, as already mentioned, had annexed Persian territory up to the Araxes. He was, however, shrewd enough to realize that as soon as Persia was reunited 1 Malcolm, ii. p. 243, gives an interesting account of this remarkably clever man.